A stem cell is a precursor or immature cell that has the ability to differentiate into other tissues. Stem cells are also seen to promote a healing environment by producing proteinaceous compounds that decrease inflammation and attract healing cells to the site of injury while also providing symptomatic relief. A stem cell injection may be used to promote healing damaged tissue such as a ligament or tendon injury, or to relieve the pain of orthopedic conditions, such as arthritis. The orthopedic specialists at ORTHOKnox offer these innovative biologics, such as stem cell injections, to give their patients access to the most treatments to accelerate healing. If you have questions about stem cell injections, please call ORTHOKnox in Knoxville, Tennessee, or book an appointment online.
Stem cells have the exceptional ability to continuously divide, replicate, and produce new tissues. Adult stem cells, as opposed to fetal stem cells, have their origin in adult tissues. These cells are located throughout your body and help maintain health by repairing and replacing old and damaged tissues.
Some adult stem cells produce one specific type of tissue. These are especially important in tissues that continuously and frequently lose cells, such as your skin and blood.
Other types of adult stem cells can differentiate and produce several types of tissues. One such group of adult stem cells called mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) are relied on in orthopedic stem cell injections.
MSCs are effective for orthopedic conditions because they can:
MSCs also secrete growth factors that promote wound repair and trigger collagen production.
The regenerative qualities of stem cells may help heal conditions such as:
Stem cell injections offer a regenerative treatment option for many types of sports injuries, degenerative conditions, and other problems affecting your musculoskeletal system.
The first step in preparing the injection is to harvest the cells. This is accomplished through a procedure done in the office at ORTHOKnox. The procedure, called a bone marrow aspiration, uses a needle to withdraw a bone marrow sample from the bone of the pelvis. , This sample is then processed in the lab to separate and concentrate the desired cells for injection.
Stem cell injections can be used alone or combined with PRP, which is also produced in the office from your own blood. The platelets in PRP contain growth factors that increase stem cell effectiveness and further reduce pain and inflammation.
Whether you have a sports injury or degenerative disease, you may be a good candidate for a stem cell injection. To learn more, call ORTHOKnox or book an appointment online.